Difference Between Addiction and Dependence

They may mistakenly think that those who use drugs lack moral principles or willpower and that they could stop their drug use simply by choosing to. In reality, drug addiction is a complex disease, and quitting usually takes more than good intentions or a strong will. Drugs change the brain in ways that make quitting hard, even for those who want to. Fortunately, researchers know more than ever about how drugs affect the brain and have found treatments that can help people recover from drug addiction and lead productive lives. Dependence also affects your physical health, whether or not you have an addiction. For example, alcohol dependence can lead to liver problems,11 heart disease, and even cancer.

Opioid Addiction – Pain Relief – Signs of Addiction familydoctor.org – FamilyDoctor.org

Opioid Addiction – Pain Relief – Signs of Addiction familydoctor.org.

Posted: Mon, 30 Oct 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

Does the substance in question matter?

For one, depending on a substance to avoid physical withdrawal symptoms is neither necessary nor sufficient to define addiction. Many drugs cause dependence but not addiction, for example, paroxetine [10] and clonidine [11]. But when people withdraw from these medications, they do not crave them and once successfully tapered, they do not have recurrent use. In contrast, craving and recurrent use are common symptoms of addiction, particularly during early stages of recovery.

addiction vs dependence

Meth Addiction, Anxiety, and Co-Occurring Disorders

In the long run, the increasing proportion of young people using drugs will probably result in continued pressure on the substance abuse treatment system in future years, as many new drug users progress to addiction and require intervention. Caffeine is an example of a common substance that addiction vs dependence causes physical dependence. If you can’t function properly in the morning without your cup of coffee, it could be that you are caffeine-dependent. When you miss your morning cup, you might develop physical withdrawal symptoms, like a headache, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and more.

Data availability statement

Although they may seem similar, addiction and dependence are distinct concepts. A negative control was set for checking any potential bacterial DNA that exists in chemicals used during the DNA extraction process. Animals were provided ad libitum access to specified diets of either LabDiet 5001, LabDiet 5053 (Research Diets, New Brunswick, NJ), or Teklad 2019S (Envigo, Indianapolis, IN). The diets differed significantly in macro- and micronutrient composition, some of which are listed in Table 1. The longer a person uses a drug, the more likely their dependency will become an addiction. In a paper written for Training about Alcohol and Substance Abuse for All Primary Care Physicians, published in 1995 by the Josiah Macy, Jr.

addiction vs dependence

Substance Dependence Vs. Substance Abuse

On the other hand, dependence refers strictly to a physical need for a substance. Reporting on those at the other end of the human spectrum, a study published in the March 13, 1996, issue of JAMA projected a 50 percent increase in the number of elderly alcoholics by the year 2000. The study blamed the rise on the large number of people who would begin turning 65 at the end of the century. Substance abuse https://ecosoberhouse.com/ is most prevalent among adults between the ages of 18 and 25, and level of education seems to be an important correlate of abuse. Less-educated people are more likely to engage in heavy use of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco. The rate of illegal drug use among African Americans is higher than that of Caucasians, who are more likely to use illegal drugs than are Hispanics, according to the 1995 NHSDA.

addiction vs dependence

Two-bottle choice 24-h intermittent access (IA) alcohol consumption procedure

  • Doing this empowers you and your care team to choose the most effective types of treatment.
  • Since consistency is lacking, it’s important to establish some ground rules.
  • Alcohol is one of the most misused drugs worldwide, and within the United States, AUD has a lifetime prevalence rate of nearly 8.6% (Glantz et al., 2020).
  • When addicted to a substance, a person cannot stop using it despite the negative consequences it has on their life.
  • Some doctors may diagnose this as an increasing tolerance, or it might be disguised as the possible start of an addiction issue.
  • If you prioritize drug use over your colleagues or loved ones, you might face serious consequences.
  • Some organizations may have different names or definitions or use the words interchangeably, which causes mass confusion.
  • While body weights did not change with the three diets, it is possible that body composition may have changed, which could in turn influence alcohol metabolism and alcohol consumption (Liangpunsakul et al., 2010).
  • There was a 1-week interval between the different tastants when mice received two bottles of water.

Why do some people become addicted to drugs while others don’t?

What Does Meth Feel Like?